Hopes for the day everyone loves lizards

faPersian

 
“If we pollute the air, water and soil that keep us alive and well, and destroy the biodiversity that allows natural systems to function, no amount of money will save us.”
David Suzuki
 
Life, a miracle in the universe, appeared around 4 billion years ago. And we humans only 200,000 years ago.
Today, life, our life, is just a link in a chain of innumerable living beings that have succeeded one another on Earth over nearly 4 billion years.Everything is linked. Nothing is self-sufficient.
Our Earth relies on a balance, in which every being has a role to play and exists only through the existence of another being. None is futile or harmful.Every year, 13 million hectares of forest disappear. 1 mammal in 4, 1 bird in 8, 1 amphibian in 3 are threatened with extinction.
Between 1970 and 2010 populations of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish around the globe dropped 52 percent, says the ۲۰۱۴ Living Planet Report released today by World Wildlife Fund (WWF).Species are dying out at a rhythm 1,000 times faster than the natural rate. The ice cap is 40% thinner than 40 years ago There may be at least 200 million climate refugees by 2050.

It’s time to come together to know more about biodiversity and start to change our way.
 
Senegalese conservationist Dr.Baba Dioum said :”In the end we will conserve only what we love. We love only what we understand. We will understand only what we are taught.”

I decided to do something and I have stepped more than 2 years conserve environment of my country Iran by cycling(more than 6000Kms),mountaineering and educating local people also via my website and Facebook page.

And now it’s the time to spread my voice around the world, my slogan is: Hopes for the day everyone loves lizards!

Why lizard: in most places there are lizards and most people kill them by no reason just because we have heard some crazy story about them and think that they are dangerous!! So when people learn how lizards are useful for us and love them, they can’t kill other animals and they will respect to all their rights definitely.

Because I have longtime plan for around the world and I am going to start from Asia continental (first step is Nepal), so I choose most effective and endangered one from each type (genre) of creature from all part of Asia as a symbol and hope to talk about their benefits to all people that will meet along my way.I write why I choose these species and what roles they play in our ecosystem.

my flag

 

Common house Gecko

 

The common house gecko, is a native of Southeast Asia but can be found worldwide. Most geckos are nocturnal, hiding during the day and foraging for insects at night. Like most reptiles, they are part or one link in the food chain. they act like insect control ,Geckos can eat insects that can cause crop problems, injure humans and are food for other animals higher up in the food chain. Types of insects that are commonly used as food geckos, including crickets, cockroaches, grasshoppers, millipedes and centipedes To date there are 44 different types of gecko species with different characteristics and types.

They are small part of the balance of nature which benefits man in a big way .Base of the tail gecko can regenerate cells. From there the gecko are believed to help restore power and replace the damaged cells of the body after illness. This means that the gecko can help the body’s recovery process on human health.

 

  Honey Bee

A representative of invertebrates that aren’t seen but performs a vital role in the world

The honey bee (Apis mellifera) is probably one of the best-known of all insects in the world, as it performs a vital role in the pollination of flowering plants, including our crop species. A single bee colony can pollinate 300 million flowers each day. Honey bees – wild and domestic – perform about 80 percent of all pollination worldwide. Grains are primarily pollinated by the wind, but the best and healthiest food – fruits, nuts, and vegetables – are pollinated by bees. Seventy out of the top 100 human food crops, which supply about 90 percent of the world’s nutrition, are pollinated by bees.

The list of crops that simply won’t grow without honey bees is a long one: Apples, cucumbers, broccoli, onions, pumpkins, carrots, avocados, almonds …

In the last decades, honeybees have been disappearing . Scientists know that bees are dying from a variety of factors – pesticides, drought, habitat destruction, nutrition deficit, air pollution, global heating, and so forth . we know that humanity is the perpetrator, and that the two most prominent causes appear to be pesticides and habitat loss.

If we don’t act now to save the honey bee, it might be too late.

 

Lebanon viper

 A representative of  Reptiles that is living in Arabian countries and going extinct cause war

A venomous snake, the Lebanon viper (Montivipera bornmuelleri) is an extremely rare species. They are threatened in Lebanon by overgrazing of habitat by sheep and goats, and also through degradation of suitable habitat through the use of off-road vehicles. On Mount Hermon it is threatened by the development of its habitat for use by the military, and is potentially threatened by the development of the skiing industry.

 Many Snakes are killed for no good reason. But there are good reasons to keep the long sliders around your home or garden. They can keep pests, such as rats and mice, in check without relying on damaging chemical pesticides whichcan degrade the environment and harm other animal species. Snakes are very effective at hunting such prey because they can crawl into small burrows and other areas that rodents use as shelters.

Snakes are also helping to save the lives of millions of people every year, as the venoms from snakes are being used to treat many serious health ailments like cancers, heart & stroke disease, Parkinson, and many more.

 In some parts of the world, the benefits of snakes are now being recognized. In Vietnam, for instance, biologists are reintroducing rat-eating snakes to some villages in an effort to protect harvested grain. In India, certain snakes are kept as good luck charms partly because they are believed to repel deadly cobras. And in the United States, biologists are spreading the word about the good points of scaly predators in a bid to protect these important predators.

Of course, even the humblest snake may hiss, coil, puff up, or bite if confronted by a person. Indeed, these behaviors can scare people and endanger the snake. But if you encounter a snake, biologists say, the best thing to do is leave it alone.

one-horned rhino

A representative of Indian continental and an species that is killed for money

 The greater one-horned rhino is the largest of the rhino species. second largest land mammal weighing up to 2,700 kg. His horn is about 8-25 inches long. They are primarily grazers, with a diet consisting almost entirely of grasses as well as leaves, branches of shrubs and trees, fruit and aquatic plants.

 Today, there are only around 28,000 rhinos surviving in the wild.

rhino populations were severely depleted as they were hunted for sport and killed as agricultural pests. Although rhino horn is made of keratin, the same material as in hair, it’s thought to be an aphrodisiac in traditional Chinese medicine. The horn is also used for dagger handles in most Yemen and Oman.

 Because of this, rhino horn is very valuable and illegal poaching has caused rhino numbers to drop rapidly. Also habitat loss has caused most Rhino species to the brink of extinction.

Some reasons to save rhinos:

-Rhinos are critically endangered and Many people don’t know that

-Rhinos have been around for 40 million years

-Humans have caused the drastic decline in numbers

-Rhinos attract visitors and tourists

-Rhinos are an umbrella species : When rhinos are protected, many other species that are sharing the same habitat , too.

-Rhinos maintain the diverse African grasslands on which countless other species depend.

According to a research in  Kruger National Park in South Africa, The places where the fewest rhinos lived, had 60 to 80 percent less short grass cover than places where rhinos frequently hung out. “Short grass” is a catch-all metric commonly used to approximate plant diversity in grassy areas in Africa, referring to a number of munchable species. Rhino-inhabited areas also had about 20 times more grazing lawns, or patches where specific grass species grow that are prime eating for not only rhinos but also smaller grazing animals such as zebra, gazelle and antelope.

Rhinos, like other grazing species, selectively browse on certain grass species, which leaves room for others that otherwise could not compete to move in and promotes a diverse mosaic of edible plants.

Rhinos are one of the few mega herbivores—plant-eaters that weigh more than 2,000 pounds—that still live in the world. Most others have long gone extinct, many of which were victims to human hunting and expansion. Rhinos’ continued existence, however, is questionable. Poachers killed nearly 1,000 rhinos in South Africa alone last year—an almost 50 percent increase from 2012—so as things now stand, rhinos may very likely go the way of so many other species before them.

If the rhinos do disappear from Africa, the authors warn, the savannah will likely become a distinctly different place—in addition to an emptier one.

The Asiatic cheetah

A representative of endangered Mammals that is living in Iran 

There were 4 big cats in Iran but Tiger and Lion have gone extinct over the last seven decades .there are now just less than 500 Leopards and thought to be only less than 70 Asiatic cheetahs left in the wild. Asiatic cheetahs remain only in Iran and occupying the arid, central plateau of Iran. It has been recognized to be ecologically different comparing to its African cousins, probably due to distinctive environmental situations

cheetahs are pretty amazing animals  and very unique in their classification. They are the only species existing on the planet in the Acinonyx genus.

Cheetahs are nature’s Olympic sprinters, accelerating from 0 to 64 mph in three seconds. This is the fastest speed on record for any creature on land.

Cheetah eats : rabbit , wild goat , Gazelle,…

Cheetah threatening factors : mine construction , road construction, hunters , camels ( they threat water sources ) & …

Cheetah skins were among the trappings of royalty. The captive trade of live cheetahs is still a threat.

Cheetahs are not a threat to human life.

-Asiatic cheetahs attract visitors and tourists

-Asiatic cheetahs are an umbrella species like rihnos : When Asiatic cheetahs are protected, many other species that are sharing the same habitat , too.

Orange Belly tree frog

A representative of amphibians and going to extinct cause unsustainable development,China 

”When we save the frogs, we’re protecting all our wildlife, all our ecosystems and all humans.”
Dr. Kerry Kriger

It is a medium-sized tree frog endemic to Taiwan. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.It is threatened by habitat loss and Listed as Endangered.

Frog populations have been declining worldwide at unprecedented rates, and nearly one-third of the world’s amphibian species are threatened with extinction

Tadpoles keep waterways clean by feeding on algae. Adult frogs eat large quantities of insects, including disease vectors that can transmit fatal illnesses to humans (i.e. mosquitoes/malaria). serve as food for birds, fish and monkeys.

Frogs provide us with medical advances. produce a wide array of skin secretions, many of which have significant potential to improve human health through their use as pharmaceuticals. Approximately 10% of Nobel Prizes in Physiology and Medicine have resulted from investigations that used frogs.

 Plus frogs look and sound cool, and kids love them — so there are lots of reasons to save the frogs!

Philippine eagle

A representative of forest destruction,Philippine

The Philippine eagle also known as the Philippine  monkey-eating eagle is originally from the Philippines and is only found there. The bird is well named for its preference for eating monkeys. It lives in rainforests and on steep mountain sides. The total wild population of the Philippine eagle is now estimated to be under 200.

The Philippine eagle also attacks domestic animals such as dogs, pigs, and young goats.

They have a very low reproduction rate, laying just one or two eggs each year.

Causes of Endangerment

Humans kill them to protect domestic animals . Once firearms became widely available in the Philippines after World War I, the number of eagles killed for sport sky-rocketed.

For zoos and private collectors. Collectors stole young eagles from nests for sale to the highest bidder.

Philippine eagle have been greatly impacted by habitat destruction.

The Eagle is at the top of the food chain in the rainforest, so if they become extinct, there will be nothing to eat the other animals. If there is nothing to eat these animals, they may become overpopulated, and a dangerous cycle may begin, ruining the perfectly formed food chains that are not in place. The extinction of the eagle could also affect the rainforest in the future.

Fin Whale

A representative of Sea species

They are endangered .

Next to the blue whale, the fin whale is the second largest mammal in the world. they occur worldwide, mainly, but not exclusively, in offshore waters. Whales known for their intelligence.

Whales have an important role to play in nutrient cycling. Their poo, for example, makes organic carbon more accessible to smaller organisms. Even a dead whale carcass is important in carbon cycling, it exports carbon (acquired at the surface usually in the form of plankton) to the deep sea.

also a whale carcass can provide food for hundreds of organisms.

Whale watching tourism is a lucrative business and while it’s hard to put a value on a species, or on marine biodiversity, it has been estimated that it could generate 413 million US dollars in marine tourism annually.

Major Threat(s): Prior to the advent of modern whaling in the late 19th century, Fin Whales were largely immune from human predation because they were too hard to catch.

. Whaling has reduced the size of whale populations and the size of whales.

It seems unlikely that catching of fin whales will return to the high levels of previous years, not least due to the limited market demand for whale products

Fin Whales are one of the more commonly recorded species of large whale reported in vessel collisions .

It seems unlikely that catching of fin whales will return to the high levels of previous years, not least due to the limited market demand for whale products

 

Sources:

http://www.iucnredlist.org/

http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/

http://wwf.panda.org/

http://en.wikipedia.org/

http://www.arkive.org/

http://www.all-creatures.org/

http://www.worldwildlife.org/

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/

http://www.wcs.org/

http://www.wildlife.ir/

http://www.savethefrogs.com/

http://www.bagheera.com/

http://www.nature.com/

Home -2009

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